Historically, spotted horses were first seen and recorded in 1519 by a Spanish Explorer Hernando Cortes and they were named as “Pintos.” However these horses had many names, few of them were Pinto, Paint, Skewbald, and PieBald. The Pinto Association finalized by the name “pinto” and then ‘The Paint Association’ was established in 1962 specifically for stock-type and spotted horses.
These spotted horses were loved by Comanche Indians, who had huge herds of them
Before the 1950s. People are just so obsessed with these beautiful horses. To quote, over one million Paint horses are registered, with about 15,000 being registered annually which clearly shows its craze.
There is a misunderstanding about ‘ Pinto and Paint’ horse breed. To make it clear, a pinto breed consists of horse that has spotting which could be Arabian, Saddlebred, Miniature horse, while the Paint horse is a specific breed that must have a sire and dam. Therefore, all Paints are Pintos because they have spots but not all Pintos are Paints as they all do not have Quarter Horse, Paint or Thoroughbred bloodlines. The Paint horse is a colored horse with white spots and contains special genes that cause specific kinds of spotting “patterns”. However there could be more than one spotting gene in a horse’s DNA.
Paint horses are so good at learning that they are the best choice of beginners. Due to their high aptitude they understand the emotions of the owner very well. They posses an innate intelligence that makes them suitable candidate to train for competitions. Paint horses are the most witnessed breed in field and competitions. They are known for time-honored western stock-horse contests and many other riding competitions, like hunt-seat and dressage.
The physical attributes of the horse is between 14.2 and 15.2 HH. The average weight ranges from 950 to 1,200 pounds, a bit heavier than most breeds. On an average, they have a life span of approximately 31 years. The coat color can be in combination of white & bay, black, palomino, or chestnut. These colors are very alluring and therefore attract a lot of horse lovers. There is a range of patterns and colors. Some Paint Horses are solid or almost-solid in color.
Tobianos display a dark and white coat pattern, with solid dark color over one or both the flanks and white legs. Mostly the head is dark with unique facial patterns of stars, blazes, and strips. The markings are very smooth and tail and mane hair can be of two colors. Overo shows solid color over the horse’s back specifically and the legs are dark with regular stockings. If we talk about the face it is mostly white while the tail and mane are usually solid in colors. Sabino horse displays solid color, with scattered white patches that have irregular edges. On close observation the legs are white and face has unusual white markings. Patches can vary in size, from pen patches to large flecks.
Tovero horses are mainly white on the body, while the upper head, chest, and flank areas are a dark color. Some Toveros have blue eyes, creating an especially striking appearance.